Bột nhôm nguyên chất

Bột nhôm nguyên chất đề cập đến bột nhôm được sản xuất từ chỉ bằng nhôm mà không cần thêm các yếu tố hợp kim khác. Nó thể hiện mật độ thấp, độ dẫn điện và nhiệt cao, độ dẻo, khả năng chống ăn mòn tuyệt vời và độ phản xạ.

MOQ thấp

Cung cấp số lượng đơn hàng tối thiểu thấp để đáp ứng các nhu cầu khác nhau.


Cung cấp các sản phẩm tùy chỉnh và dịch vụ thiết kế để đáp ứng nhu cầu độc đáo của khách hàng.

Cổ phiếu đầy đủ

Đảm bảo xử lý đơn hàng nhanh và cung cấp dịch vụ đáng tin cậy và hiệu quả.

Sự hài lòng của khách hàng

Cung cấp các sản phẩm chất lượng cao với sự hài lòng của khách hàng tại cốt lõi.

Chia sẻ sản phẩm này

Mục lục

Overview of Pure Aluminum Powder

Bột nhôm nguyên chất đề cập đến bột nhôm được sản xuất từ chỉ bằng nhôm mà không cần thêm các yếu tố hợp kim khác. Nó thể hiện mật độ thấp, độ dẫn điện và nhiệt cao, độ dẻo, khả năng chống ăn mòn tuyệt vời và độ phản xạ.

Key features of pure aluminum powder include:

  • Unalloyed aluminum with 99%+ purity
  • Highly reactive with high affinity to oxygen
  • Low melting point and excellent thermal conductivity
  • Lightweight with density around 2.7 g/cc
  • Soft and ductile for deformation processing
  • Available in various particle sizes and morphologies

Pure aluminum powder is used for protective coatings, pyrotechnic compositions, fuel additives, 3D printing, and other applications requiring pure aluminum properties.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of properties, production methods, applications, specifications, and other details of pure aluminum powder.

Composition of Pure Aluminum Powder

Pure aluminum powder has the following typical composition:

Yếu tố Cân nặng %
Nhôm (AL) 99%+
Sắt (Fe) 0.35% max
Silicon (SI) Tối đa 0,10%
Đồng (CU) Tối đa 0,05%
Kẽm (Zn) 0.07% max
Mangan (MN) Tối đa 0,03%
Magiê (MG) Tối đa 0,03%
Crom (CR) Tối đa 0,03%
Others (each) Tối đa 0,03%
Others (total) Tối đa 0,10%

Pure Al Powder

The powder is unalloyed aluminum with minimum 99% aluminum content without additions of other alloying elements. Maximum limits for common impurity elements are specified.

Properties of Pure Aluminum Powder

Pure aluminum powder exhibits the following properties:

Tài sản Giá trị
Tỉ trọng 2.70 g/cm3
Độ nóng chảy 660°C
Dẫn nhiệt 237 W/m.K
Điện trở suất 2.65 microhm-cm
Mô -đun Young ’ 70 GPA
Tỷ lệ của Poisson 0.33
Sức căng 90-115 MPa
Kéo dài 8-25%
Mohs Hardness 2.75
Kháng oxy hóa Nghèo


The low density and softness of aluminum powder make it easy to handle and process for various applications. It has excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. Oxidation resistance is poor and powders require protection from oxidation during storage and use.

Production Methods for Pure Aluminum Powder

There are different production processes used to make pure aluminum powder:

  • Nguyên tử hóa – Molten aluminum is broken into droplets using gas or water jets which solidify into powder. Gas atomized powder has spherical morphology.
  • Điện phân – Aluminum is deposited in powder form from alumina electrolyte. Powder is spongy and irregular shaped.
  • Milling – Ball milling of aluminum flakes produces flake powders of various sizes and morphologies.
  • Chemical Methods – Reactions of aluminum compounds produce fine aluminum powders of high purity.

Atomization is the most common method while special techniques are used for ultrafine or nanoscale aluminum powders. Powder characteristics can be controlled by process parameters.

Applications of Pure Aluminum Powder

Pure aluminum powder is used in the following applications:

  • Protective Coatings – Thermal spray coatings to provide corrosion protection for steel surfaces.
  • Phấn công nghệ – Powder fuel for pyrotechnic compositions due to high flammability.
  • Fuel Additive – Added to solid rocket propellants and explosives to improve energetic characteristics.
  • in 3d – Used in selective laser sintering, direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) additive manufacturing processes.
  • Printing Inks – Used in conductive inks for printing of circuits, RFID tags, other electronics.
  • Sắc tố – Flake and atomized powders for paints, plastics, rubber and other coatings.
  • Thiết bị điện tử – Pure aluminum bonding wires, contacts, circuits requiring conductivity.

Hàn – Used as aluminum powder filler material for welding components and repair.

Specifications of Pure Aluminum Powder

Pure aluminum powder is available under various specifications:

Kích thước hạt: Ranging from 5-150 microns depending on application. Finer atomized powder for AM, coarser grade for coatings.

Độ tinh khiết: From 99% to 99.9% purity based on impurity limits for iron, silicon and other elements.

Hình thái học: Spherical, irregular and flake type particle shapes. Spherical powder has better flowability.

Coating: Partially oxygen passivated, uncoated and oil coated pure aluminum powders offered.

Lớp: Commercial pure, very high purity and technical grades conforming to standards like ASTM B209.

Diện tích bề mặt: Powder can be tailored as ultrafine nanoscale (up to 20 m2/g) to coarse grades.

Global Suppliers of Pure Aluminum Powder

Some of the major global suppliers of pure aluminum powder include:

Công ty Quốc gia
Alfa Aesar Hoa Kỳ
Inc. Hoa Kỳ
Makin Metal Powders Vương quốc Anh
Hạt Ecka nước Đức
Toyal America Inc. Hoa Kỳ
Ampal Inc. Hoa Kỳ
Henan Yuanyang Powder Technology Trung Quốc


These companies produce pure aluminum powder in various particle size ranges using gas atomization, milling, and different production methods.

Pricing of Pure Aluminum Powder

Pricing of pure aluminum powder depends on:

  • Sự thuần khiết – Higher purity (99.9%) powder is costlier than lower purity (99-99.5%)
  • Kích thước hạt – Finer aluminum powder is more expensive
  • Hình thái – Spherical and smooth powder costs more
  • Coating – Uncoated aluminum powder is lower cost
  • Số lượng – Bulk quantities above 1 ton get discounted rates
  • Nhà cung cấp – Major companies have higher production output reducing costs
  • Địa lý – Prices are competitive in China compared to Europe and USA

For small quantities, pure aluminum powder can cost between $50-100 per kg while bulk orders can be priced under $10/kg.

Health and Safety When Handling Aluminum Powder

Pure aluminum powder poses some health and safety hazards:

  • Fine aluminum powder is highly flammable and explosive when suspended in air. Dust explosion risks must be mitigated.
  • Oxidation is a risk leading to loss of material. Storage in inert atmosphere is recommended.
  • Aluminum powder should not be heated or used near sparks or ignition sources.
  • Contact with skin or eyes may cause irritation. Use personal protective equipment.
  • Inhalation of fine aluminum powders may cause respiratory issues. Use appropriate ventilation and breathing protection.
  • Aluminum powder wastage and disposal must be handled carefully to avoid contamination.

Inspection and Testing of Aluminum Powder

To ensure quality standards, pure aluminum powder is tested for:

  • Thành phần hóa học – Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and optical emission spectroscopy used to verify composition and purity.
  • Kích thước hạt – Laser diffraction analysis, sieve testing as per ASTM B214 standard used for measurement of particle size distribution.
  • Hình thái – Scanning electron microscopy used to examine shape and surface structure of powder particles.
  • Lưu lượng dòng chảy – Determined as per ASTM B213 using Hall flowmeter funnel. Spherical powder has excellent flowability.
  • Mật độ rõ ràng – Measured using gravimetric analysis or Scott volumeter as per ASTM B212.
  • Diện tích bề mặt cụ thể – BET gas absorption method used for measurement of surface area per unit mass, especially for nanoscale powders.

Routine testing ensures consistency in aluminum powder quality and performance.

Comparison of Atomized and Sintered Aluminum Powder

Atomized and sintered aluminum powders differ in production method and properties:

Tham số Atomized Al Powder Sintered Al Powder
Phương pháp sản xuât Gas or water atomization of molten aluminum Compacting and sintering of aluminum powder
Particle Morphology Hình cầu Irregular, porous
Kích thước hạt 5 to 150 microns Under 5 microns
Khả năng chảy Xuất sắc Nghèo
Sự thuần khiết 99 to 99.9% Thấp hơn
Trị giá Cao hơn Thấp hơn
Các ứng dụng Xịt nhiệt, AM Flash powder, explosives


Atomized aluminum powder has more controlled characteristics preferred for coatings, AM, electronics. Sintered aluminum is used where ultrafine particle size is required despite lower purity.

Câu hỏi thường gặp

Q: What is pure aluminum powder used for?

A: Pure aluminum powder is used in protective coatings, pyrotechnics, fuel additives, 3D printing, conductive inks, pigments, welding filler, and other applications requiring unalloyed aluminum properties.

Q: What is the difference between atomized and milled aluminum powder?

A: Atomized aluminum powder has spherical morphology and controlled particle size distribution while milled flake powder has irregular shapes and broader distribution. Atomized powder has better flow and packing density.

Q: How is ultrafine aluminum powder produced?

A: Special production methods like exploding wire process, evaporation-condensation, and high-energy ball milling allow production of aluminum powder with particle sizes below 10 microns.

Q: What safety precautions are needed when handling aluminum powder?

A: Fine aluminum powder is highly flammable. Dust explosion risks must be controlled. Storage in inert gas is recommended. Use proper grounding, ventilation, and PPE when handling aluminum powder.

Q: How is the purity of aluminum powder determined?

A: Spectroscopic analysis like ICP-MS and OES is used to accurately quantify the elemental composition. Purity levels from 99% to 99.9% based on impurity elements like iron, silicon are specified.

Q: Where can I buy pure aluminum powder for electronics applications?

A: High purity aluminum powder with controlled particle size and low impurities suitable for electronics can be purchased from suppliers like Valimet, Toyal America, Makin Metal powders, and ECKA Granules.

Về met3dp
Phát video về Nhà máy 3DP kim loại



Bất kỳ câu hỏi? Gửi tin nhắn cho chúng tôi ngay! Chúng tôi sẽ phục vụ yêu cầu của bạn với cả một nhóm sau khi nhận được tin nhắn của bạn.